The excess of rainfall and the high concentration of magnesium and potassium in brine are two of the challenges for efficient exploitation of lithium in Bolivia, according to the Earth Observatory, an institute dependent on the National Administration of the Space and Aeronautics (NASA). According to the institute, these two factors added costs to the exploitation of lithium and make it less competitive to the lithium produced in Argentina and Chile.
The absence of labour policy and clear rules for private investments are the main reasons stopping the arrival of fresh capital for sectors that demand skilled labour. The Millennium Foundation noted that for example in the mining sector, Bolivia has become less and less competitive. The think tank said that Bolivia is in position 74 (of 83) in the Attracting Investment Index.
The management of alternative ports such as Ilo in Peru and those over the Tamengo channel on the Paraguay-Parana waterway begin to impact on the cargo flow over the Chilean port of Arica. According to PortalPortuario.cl, Arica managed 103.688 tonnes less of Bolivian cargo in the first quarter of 2019. According to Empresa Portuaria Arica, the Chilean port managed 470,227 tonnes in the first three months of 2019, while in the same period of 2018 it mobilised 573,915 tonnes.