The United Nations on Thursday demanded further assistance to facilitate the development of landlocked countries, such as Bolivia and Paraguay, which face particular difficulties over their geographical situation in combating poverty. The UN General Assembly adopted a declaration calling for more financial support for these nations and more cooperation to facilitate their access to international trade.
Brazil’s national agency for petroleum, natural gas and biofuels (ANP) says that, until fresh Bolivian elections are conducted, discussions will remain suspended. To further complicate things, Petrobras still has considerable unsupplied gas credits under the expiring contract which could last an additional two to four years.
“The situation is complicated and difficult,” said Bolivia’s Port Services Administration (ASP-B) Manager David Sánchez. Just before accusing Chile of violating the 1904 Peace Treaty by allowing a private company to unilaterally raise the port rates in Arica by 200%.
The agreement allows the creation of a market of close to 800 million people. It is hailed by both sides as a landmark in global policy making and a coup for their exporting companies.
On Sunday, the Brazilian offshoot of the online news site the Intercept disclosed old private messages between now-Justice Minister Sérgio Moro and the task force of “Operation Car Wash,” the wide ranging corruption probestarted in 2014 that led to the conviction and jailing of former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, among many other high-profile figures. The messages show clear collusion between a judge and prosecutors to convict those involved in the operation. Beyond the immediate implications — such as the possible reversal of convictions and the political impact to Moro and to President Jair Bolsonaro’s plans to appoint him to the Supreme Court — it remains to be seen how Brazilians will react.
Bolivia and Paraguay focus their attention on the Bi-oceanic corridor and the waterway Paraná-Paraguay
Bolivia and Paraguay will install on Wednesday, in La Paz, the first binational cabinet to deal with the Bi-oceanic train project and the waterway Paraná-Paraguay, as well as defence and security issues. It is a public and private mission. “We are in a new phase of a fruitful and positive relationship with Bolivia and this relationship have to take advantage of our peoples, so we are here,” said Paraguay’s Foreign Minister, Luis A. Castiglioni.
Bolivia’s Central Bank warned that the global uncertainty provoked by US-China trade war will impact on the prices of raw material in Latin America. One of the most impacted commodities by the US-China trade conflict has been the soybean, which has seen a sharp drop in price to $290 per tonne, one of the lowest levels in recent years.
The excess of rainfall and the high concentration of magnesium and potassium in brine are two of the challenges for efficient exploitation of lithium in Bolivia, according to the Earth Observatory, an institute dependent on the National Administration of the Space and Aeronautics (NASA). According to the institute, these two factors added costs to the exploitation of lithium and make it less competitive to the lithium produced in Argentina and Chile.
The management of alternative ports such as Ilo in Peru and those over the Tamengo channel on the Paraguay-Parana waterway begin to impact on the cargo flow over the Chilean port of Arica. According to PortalPortuario.cl, Arica managed 103.688 tonnes less of Bolivian cargo in the first quarter of 2019. According to Empresa Portuaria Arica, the Chilean port managed 470,227 tonnes in the first three months of 2019, while in the same period of 2018 it mobilised 573,915 tonnes.
Oil prices increased to its highest level in six months after the US Government announced the end of the exemptions that allowed eight countries to buy oil from Iran. In New York, the light sweet crude (WTI) barrel reached $65.7 while in London the Brent barrel reached $74.04. The price of the WTI barrel is a reference for Bolivia where the government drafted the General Budget (PGE) for 2019 with revenues based on a price of $50.25 per barrel.