The Organization of American States (OAS) confirmed to the Government that it will send to Bolivia a team of 30 electoral experts to conduct an audit and verify whether the electoral process on October 20th was transparent.
The United States reiterated its request for a run-off between the two most-voted candidates: Evo Morales of the MAS (47.08%) and Carlos Mesa de CC (36.51%). A statement was read on behalf of Secretary of State Michael Richard Pompeo that said:”The Bolivian people have the right to elect their leaders in free and impartial elections. This right is enshrined in the Inter-American Democratic Letter and in Bolivia’s Constitution.”
Four days after the general election, the Plurinational Electoral Body awarded – under the shadow of fraud – the victory to Evo Morales in the first round with 47.07% of the vote, compared to 36.51% obtained by his rival Carlos Mesa. The difference between the two candidates is 10.56 points, which eliminates the possibility of a second round.
Bolivia’s presidential election looks set for an unprecedented run-off in December after preliminary results suggested that socialist Evo Morales had failed to win outright a controversial fourth term. Following his toughest presidential fight since sweeping to power in 2006, the country’s first indigenous president on Sunday night hailed a “historic triumph”, despite failing to secure a sufficient lead over Carlos Mesa, a former president. Mr Morales was ahead with 45.7 per cent of the vote with 83.8 per cent of ballots counted, while Mr Mesa was on 37.8 per cent. Mr Morales needed at least 40 per cent of the 5m votes cast, plus a lead of more than 10 percentage points over Mr Mesa to avoid a second-round vote on December 15.
The leader of the National Industry Chamber, Ibo Blazicevic, expressed his concern about the future governability in Bolivia. He said that whoever wins the General Elections on October 20, will not have the control of the Congress, making it more challenging to govern the country. He also said that external developments such as the trade war between the United States and China, and the Argentine crisis harm the economy. He added that urgent adjustments are needed.
Potosí, Oruro and Tarija are preparing popular demonstrations for 16th of October. The Ombudsman’s and the Catholic Church urges the population to avoid confrontations such as those that took place in Potosí during the weekend.
During this electoral year, only the Ministry of Communication had $84.2 million allocated. If there is a second round, the Ministry will have more than $23.2 million.
On Sunday, the Brazilian offshoot of the online news site the Intercept disclosed old private messages between now-Justice Minister Sérgio Moro and the task force of “Operation Car Wash,” the wide ranging corruption probestarted in 2014 that led to the conviction and jailing of former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, among many other high-profile figures. The messages show clear collusion between a judge and prosecutors to convict those involved in the operation. Beyond the immediate implications — such as the possible reversal of convictions and the political impact to Moro and to President Jair Bolsonaro’s plans to appoint him to the Supreme Court — it remains to be seen how Brazilians will react.
Civic organisations declare themselves in a state of emergency due to government authorization to intervene in national parks. The measure aims to revert government plans to develop oil and infrastructure projects on different protected areas in the country.
With a call to preserve democracy and peace, the Interamerican Human Rights Court (CIDH) began in Sucre, Bolivia, its 171 term session. This is the first time that the organisation meets in Bolivia. The magistrates will review 25 civil organisation demands from 14 countries. The sessions will not include demands from the host country. However, they will listen without opinion the claims from Bolivian civil organisations thad demand the Government to comply with the results of the referendum of 21 February 2016 (21F), when 51% of voters denied President Evo Morales the possibility of rerunning this year for a fourth consecutive term.